James Reese Europe (1880-1919), although largely forgotten today, is an important figure in the history of black American music.In the second decade of the 20th century, Europe took the New York (and beyond) dancing and music worlds by storm.When the United States entered World War I, Europe enlisted and took a band to France, where he served with distinction, with some front-line combat duty mixed in with bandleading.After the war he made a series of interesting recordings for Pathe; the best of these at least touched on jazz.Here, at last, are all the Victor recordings by Europe's band.The usual caveats apply - these are acoustical recordings, and some sides are in better condition than others.James Reese Europe conducting Europe's Society Orchestra, including Cricket Smith (cornet), Edgar Campbell (clarinet), Tracy Cooper, George Smith, and Walter Scott (violin), Leonard Smith and Ford Dabney (piano), Buddy Gilmore (drums) and five (! December 29, 1913; New York: Victor 35359 (12") Too Much Mustard - One Step or Turkey Trot (Cecil Macklin) Down Home Rag Victor 35360 (12") Irresistible - Tango Argentine (L. Storoni) Add Chandler Ford (cello), baritone horn and flute; omit banjo-mandolins.
First, instead of concentrating on the Dividend Aristocrats that have increased their dividend payout for 25 consecutive years or more, we will extend this constraint to focus only on companies that have increased their dividend payout for 43 consecutive years or more.During the period under consideration from March 24, 2000, to March 11, 2003, the S&P 500 Index declined by -45.30% on a total return basis.How did our Aristocrats perform over this same time period?But do investors truly enjoy such downside protection from owning the Aristocrats?This is a particularly important consideration as many of the investors focused on this segment of the market are retirees that do not have the luxury to endure a sustained and prolonged decline in the value of their principal allocated to the stock market.This is a select group of companies that are members of the S&P 500 Index (SPY) and have also increased their dividend payout for 25 consecutive years or more.Part of the appeal associated with these companies is that they provide the potential for both capital appreciation and income growth for their investors.Backstage at a concert, a disagreement with one of his drummers led to the latter stabbing Europe with a small knife.Although the wound seemed superficial, he died of internal bleeding a few hours later.The reason for this adjustment is to only focus on companies that were officially Dividend Aristocrats heading into all three past market correction episodes and were able to maintain this status each time. Also, we will expand this group beyond the S&P 500 Index to include all publicly traded U. companies that have increased their dividend payout for 43 consecutive years or more (special thanks to David Fish and The DRi P Investing Resource Center as the source for deriving this information). Corp (VFC), Genuine Parts (GPC), Leggett & Platt (LEG), S&P Global (SPGI), Lowe’s (LOW), Coca-Cola (KO), Pepsi Co (PEP), Tootsie Roll (TR), Procter & Gamble (PG), Hormel Foods (HRL), Sysco (SYY), Lancaster Colony (LANC), Colgate-Palmolive (CL), Kimberly-Clark (KMB), Target (TGT), Wal-Mart (WMT), Altria (MO), Universal Corp (UVV), Commerce Bancshares (CBSH), United Bankshares (UBSI), Cincinnati Financial (CINF), Johnson & Johnson (JNJ), Becton Dickinson (BDX), C. Bard (BCR), MSA Safety (MSA), ABM Industries (ABM), 3M (MMM), PPG (PPG), Grainger (GWW), Parker-Hannifin (PH), Emerson Electric (EMR), Dover (DOV), Nordson (NDSN), Tennant (TNC), Gorman-Rupp (GRC), Illinois Tool Works (ITW), Stanley Black & Decker (SWK), Helmerich & Payne (HP), H. Fuller (FUL), RPM International (RPM), Stepan Company (SCL), Nucor (NUE), Federal Reality Investment Trust (FRT), Computer Services (OTCQX: CSVI), Telephone & Data Systems (TDS), Black Hills (BKH), Consolidated Edison (ED), Vectren (VVC), Northwest Natural Gas (NWN), National Fuel Gas (NFG), American States Water (AWR), California Water Service (CWT), SJW Corp.This adds another 24 companies to the mix for a total of 55 stocks in the sample under evaluation. (SJW), Connecticut Water Service (CTWS), and Middlesex Water (MSEX) We will begin by considering the performance of these 55 companies on an equal-weighted basis during the bear market that came with the bursting of the technology bubble.